Collection

Specimen collection and container guidelines (Order of draw)

Vacuum Tube Drawing

Syringe Method Drawing

YELLOW TOP TUBE WITH GEL / SERUM

PROTEINS : TOTAL SERUM PROTEIN (TSP), ALBUMIN, GLOBULIN
RENAL: UREA, CREATININE, SERUM INORGANIC PHOSPHATE
LIVER : ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, BILIRUBIN, URIC ACID, BILE ACIDS, CHOLESTEROL, TRIGLYCERIDES
BOVINE METABOLISM : BETA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE (BHBT), NON-ESTERIFIED FATTY ACIDS (NEFA)
PANCREAS : AMYLASE, LIPASE, TLI, CANINE SPECIFIC LIPASE, FELINE SPECIFIC LIPASE
MUSCLE : CK, AST
ELECTROLYTES : SODIUM (Na), CHLORIDE (Cl), POTASSIUM (K), MAGNESIUM (Mg),
CALCIUM (Ca), SERUM INORGANIC PO4
DRUGS : DIGOXIN, PHENOBARBITONE
TRACE ELEMENTS : COPPER (Cu), ZINC (Zn), IRON (Fe), Cobalt (Co) (Cyanocobalamine-Vit B12)
ENDOCRINE : FREE T4, TOTAL T4, CANINE TSH, CORTISOL, ACTH STIMULATION, PROGESTERONE, TESTOSTERONE, DEXAMETHAZONE SUPPRESSION
DIABETES : FRUCTOSAMINE
COLOSTRUM INTAKE : GGT, TSP, GAMMAGLOBULIN (calves)
SEROLOGY : ALL LARGE ANIMAL SEROLOGICAL TESTS, ALL SMALL ANIMAL SEROLOGICAL TESTS (eg FeLV Ag,F IV Ab, FIP Ab, EHRLICHIA Ab)
PREGNANCY : EQUINE PREGNANCY, RHINO & BUFFALO : VET PROGESTERONE (WILDLIFE)
INFLAMMATION : C REACTIVE PROTEIN

PURPLE TOP TUBE / EDTA (Use this tube for tests below)

HAEMATOLOGY : FULL BLOOD COUNT, HAEMOGLOBIN,HAEMATOCRIT, WCC + DIFF, PLATELET COUNT, RETICULOCYTE COUNT, BABESIA PARASITES
TRACE ELEMENTS : SELENIUM (Se)
TOXICOLOGY : LEAD
AUTO-IMMUNE : CANINE COOMBS, EQUINE COOMBS
INFECTIOUS DISEASES : ANTIGEN OR MOLECULAR TESTS (PCR)

GREY TOP TUBE / FLOURIDE (Use this tube for tests below)

DIABETES : GLUCOSE FASTING OR RANDOM

PARASITOLOGY

PARASITE SCREEN (faecal)
PARASITE ID (faecal)
GIARDIA (faecal)
FASCIOLA Ab (serum)

RED TOP TUBE (Use this tube for tests below)

DRUGS : POTASSIUM BROMIDE

BLUE TOP TUBE / CITRATE TUBE - TUBE MUST BE FULL (See tests below)

COAGULATION : PROTHROMBIN TIME (PT) & PARTIAL, THROMBOPLASTIN TIME (PTT): REMEMBER CONTROL SAMPLE !!!
INFLAMMATION : FIBRINOGEN

MICROBIOLOGY (sterile containers)

SWABS / ORGANS
MILK
HAIR
SEMEN

URINE CONTAINER

RANDOM URINE : SPECIFIC GRAVITY (SG), URINE ANALYSIS, PROTEIN : CREATININE RATIO, CORTISOL : CREATININE RATIO, CALCULUS ANALYSIS
TRACE ELEMENTS : COPPER, COBALT, IRON, ZINC, MANGANESE, MOLYBDENUM, SELENIUM
on LIVER or KIDNEY : FROZEN / FORMALIN

SEROLOGY COLLECTION

Click on the link for guideline:
Serology Collection Guidelines

PLEASE NOTE: THESE ARE GUIDELINES AND CHANGES MAY OCCUR FROM TIME TO TIME,
FOR COMPLETE INSTRUCTIONS PLEASE CONTACT THE LAB